Since 1977, the intending avocats must first obtain a university law degree called Maitrise (Master of Laws) which requires four years of study. The first three years entitle the successful candidate to the degree of Licence en droit. The four-year programme for the degree guarantees a comprehensive knowledge of French law and procedure, and also contains some elements of non-legal subjects such as economics.

It includes:
  • Administrative Law
  • Business Law
  • Civil Law and Procedure
  • Company Law
  • Constitutional Law
  • Criminal Law and Procedure
  • EC Law
  • Economic Sciences
  • History of Law
  • Labour Law
  • Public Finances
  • Public Freedoms
  • International Law
  • Tax Law